In conclusion, it is clear we have an egregious problem. The production and manufacture of smartphones not only destroys the Earth, poisons workers and creates a mass of e-waste but companies such as Apple are driven by profits and are dishonest in their approaches to the improvement of the environment. As Gary Cook from Greenpeace says “If you’re wanting to buy a[n ethical] phone right now, your choices are limited,” (Cooper, 2018).
Furthermore, although there are an abundance of articles based on the negatives of smartphones and phone companies regarding the environment, there are little theoretical writings bar Anna Readings Seeing Red, in which even she comments on the absence of works “[there are] virtually no work as yet that seeks to conceptualize digital memory in terms of commodity chains of environmental impact, human labour, and material processes involved in the various aspects of production and consumption.” (Reading, 2014). There is also little research on what could be done in the future and the next steps for smartphone companies that are feasible and not just Apple stating something in order to bode well in environmental rankings. I feel until researchers and the media focus on this issue, like they did with plastic in Blue Planet 2, society will never fully understand and will continue to ‘invisibly’ use phones whilst companies will go on promoting their targets for environmental improvements that have no end date.
In total excluding quotes – 1899 words
References (for all posts)
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